src=/bin/counter.pl?h=1 width=1 height=1>
IRONWORK REPAIRS IN TIMBER-FRAMED BUILDINGS.
1.2 The Aims of this
In the compilation
of this dissertation the following aims have been pursued.
To highlight the importance
of historic ironwork repairs to timber-framed buildings and to develop and
promote a greater understanding of a phenomenon which, having an historical
dimension, is intrinsically interesting and has seldom received detailed attention.
To highlight the potential
to provide a structural commentary on the integrity of timber frames of different
dates and forms by studying their ironwork repair systems and thus to broaden
our understanding of timber-framed buildings generally.
To provide a steer towards
the value of ironwork repairs as a dating criteria. This is interesting where
they help to date a structural failure, but much more important (in conventional
architectural and archaeological terms) where they help to date a significant
phase of alteration, addition or truncation. This can also help to establish
which repairs are historically significant (and may therefore have conservation
merit) and which are not.
To investigate the historical
production of iron in this country, its importation and thus its ease of availability,
form and quality such that these criteria may be applied to dating the ironwork
repairs and their fittings.
To investigate the history
and evolution of the manufacturing industries involved in producing the fittings,
particularly that of the nail and later the screw. These are particularly
well-documented industries which could provide a sound basis for component
chronology thus helping to phase the ironwork repairs.
To develop, by fieldwork,
a comprehensive gazetteer of repair components and illustrate their common
use. Also, to provide a glossary of relevant terms to be used in the study
and classification of these components.
To illustrate the common
features encountered in the form of the ironwork components and to try to
identify these features, created in the forge, with their period of historical
To help develop guidance
for the future repair of timber-framed buildings using similar incremental,
or 'minimum intervention' techniques, which suit modern conservation philosophy
because they ensure the maximum retention of historic fabric. This could include
the replacement, like-for-like, of failed repairs or the provision of new
fittings based on the design of the originals. It should always be held in
mind that ironwork repairs seldom fail and if they do so they can be reworked
in the fire and brought back to life as good as new.
Finally it should be
stated that this dissertation deals only with ironwork repairs to timber framed
buildings and not with new build incorporating iron components. Whilst clearly
inter-related they are two separate subjects.